CARLISLE BARRACKS, Pa. -- Teens are abusing some over-the-counter (OTC) drugs, such as cough and cold remedies, to get high. Many of these products are widely available and can be purchased at supermarkets, drugstores, and convenience stores. Many OTC drugs that are intended to treat headaches, sinus pressure, or cold/flu symptoms contain the active ingredient dextromethorphan (DXM) and are the ones that teens are using to get high. When taken in high doses, DXM can produce a "high" feeling and can be extremely dangerous in excessive amounts.
Over-the-counter drug abuse also occurs with laxatives, diuretics, emetics, and diet pills, as teens try to achieve an idealized weight.1Young people may start taking just a few diet pills but then graduate to full addiction and dependence. Ephedrine, caffeine, and phenylpropranolamine are just some of the dangerous and addictive substances found in diet pills. Herbal, sometimes referred to as "natural", weight loss products can be just as dangerous as diet pills. All of these substances act as stimulants to the central nervous system and much like speed, can have serious and potentially fatal side effects.2
WHAT CAN YOU DO? TIPS FOR PREVENTING RX ABUSE
Think about your home. What prescription and over-the-counter drugs do you have? Where are they kept? Would you know if some were missing? The good news is that you can take steps immediately to limit access to these drugs and help keep your teen drug-free.
1. SAFEGUARD ALL DRUGS AT HOME. MONITOR QUANTITIES AND CONTROL ACCESS.
Take note of how many pills are in the bottle or pill packet, and keep track of refills. This goes for your own medication, as well as for your teen and other members of your household. If you find you have to refill medication more often than expected, there could be a real problem – someone may be taking your medication, and monitor dosages and refills.
2. SET CLEAR RULES FOR TEENS ABOUT ALL DRUG USE, INCLUDING NOT SHARING MEDICINE AND ALWAYS FOLLOWING THE MEDICAL PROVIDER’S ADVICE AND DOSAGES.
Make sure your teen uses prescription drugs only as directed by a medical provider and follows instructions for OTC products carefully. This includes taking the proper dosage and not using with other substances without a medical provider’s approval. Teens should never take prescription or OTC drugs with street drugs or alcohol. If you have any questions about how to take a drug, call your family physician or pharmacist.
3. BE A GOOD ROLE MODEL BY FOLLOWING THESE SAME RULES WITH YOUR OWN MEDICINES.
Examine your own behavior to ensure you set a good example. If you misuse your prescription drugs, such as share them with your kids, or abuse them, your teen will take notice. Avoid sharing your drugs and always follow your medical provider’s instructions.
4. PROPERLY CONCEAL AND DISPOSE OF OLD OR UNUSED MEDICINES IN THE TRASH.
Unused prescription drugs should be hidden and thrown away in the trash. So that teens and others don’t take them out of the trash, you can mix them with an undesirable substance (like used coffee grounds or kitty litter) and put the mixture in an empty can or bag. Unless the directions say otherwise, do NOT flush medications down the drain or toilet because chemicals can pollute the water supply. Also, remove any personal, identifiable information from prescription bottles or pill packages before you throw them away. Become familiar with your communities DEA National Medication Take Back events.
5. ASK FRIENDS AND FAMILY TO SAFEGUARD THEIR PRESCRIPTION DRUGS AS WELL.
Make sure your friends and relatives, especially grandparents, know the risks, too, and encourage them to regularly monitor their own medicine cabinets. If there are other households your teen has access to, talk to those families as well about the importance of safeguarding medications. If you don’t know the parents of your child’s friends, then make an effort to get to know them, and get on the same page about rules and expectations for use of all drugs, including alcohol and illicit drugs. Follow up with your teen’s school administration to find out what they are doing to address issues of prescription and over-the-counter drug abuse in schools.
Talk to your teen about the dangers of abusing prescription and over-the-counter drugs. These are powerful drugs that, when abused, can be just as dangerous as street drugs. Tell your teen the risks far outweigh any “benefits.”
The above information provided by PARENTS the Anti-Drug. For additional information contact the Army Substance Abuse Program at 245 – 4576.
To learn more about Rx & OTC health risks, visit drugfree.org.
For additional information on proper medication disposal visit www.disposemymeds.org
DEA Medication Take Back Event will be held in the fall of 2013. Watch for details or contact the Prevention Office at 245-4576.
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